France improves regulations to regulate the use of civilian drones

AsiaIndustrial NetNews: In recent years, with the rapid development of civilian drone technology and the growing maturity of the market, this emerging electronic product integrating practicality and leisure and entertainment has gradually integrated into the daily work and life of French people.

According to the statistics released by the German Gfk Group in 2016, the authoritative market research organization, the total sales volume of UAV products for leisure and entertainment in the French market in 2014 was about 100,000 units, while the total sales volume of similar products in 2015 reached 286,000 units. shelf. At the same time, the growing demand for professional drone operators has also created a large number of new job opportunities.

However, the increase in the number and popularity of civilian drones has also brought troubles and even potential security threats to French society.

In order to maintain the operation safety of other aircraft in the domestic airspace and the personal and property safety of the people, France first promulgated a decree on the management of drones in April 2012, and then revised the relevant regulations in 2015, 2016 and 2017 respectively. and supplements to strictly regulate the use of drones.

According to the current regulations, in France, civilian drones can only be flown during the day, and flights at night must be approved by the relevant authorities in advance. The drone operator should also control the flight range of the drone within sight. When flying in a “first-person perspective” or using UAV equipment for follow-up activities, so that the operator cannot directly track the flight status of the aircraft with the naked eye, another person must be responsible for monitoring.

From the perspective of the limitation of the flight area, drones are prohibited from flying over public places such as roads, parks, and beaches in cities and surrounding areas, and sensitive areas such as airports, nuclear power plants, military bases, historical sites, hospitals, prisons, nature reserves, etc. Protected areas and surrounding areas are also no-fly zones for drones. For some important airports, the no-fly range of drones will even be extended to 10 kilometers around the airport.

In addition, even in private places, drones must be kept away from crowds or vehicles when flying, and the flying height and speed must be controlled within a safe range to avoid safety accidents. Drone users must also respect the privacy of others, and are not allowed to take pictures of others and their property without permission, distribute the contents of the pictures or use them for commercial purposes. In addition, operating a drone in a moving vehicle is also prohibited.

The current regulations also clearly stipulate the flight height limit of civil drones: outside the licensed flight area for model aviation, the maximum flying height of drones shall not exceed 150 meters above the ground or water surface.

If drone users violate the above regulations, they may face a fine of up to 75,000 euros and a year in prison. In response to the “unintentional” or “intentional” manipulation of drones into the no-fly zone, the judicial authorities will have the right to impose a “fine of 15,000 euros, 6 months’ imprisonment” and “fine” on the drone operator, respectively. 45,000 euros and 1 year in prison”.

At present, French laws and regulations on drone supervision are still being improved.

The Links:   3HAC14279-1 3HAC049817-001

Published on 09/17/2022