Grasp the development trend and promote the high-quality development of the robot industry

General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that with the continuous integration of informatization and industrialization, theRobotThe intelligent industry represented by science and technology is booming and has become an important symbol of technological innovation in the modern era. In recent years,RobotEntering all aspects of production and life, leading the digital transformation of industries, assisting the upgrading of models and formats, satisfying the people’s yearning for a better life, and strongly supporting the construction of a manufacturing power, a network power, and a digital China. A few days ago, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology officially issued the “14th Five-Year Plan”RobotIndustrial Development Plan” (hereinafter referred to as the “Plan”). The “Planning” scientifically plans the development direction and development goals, as a driving force for the next five yearsrobotThe action program for the high-quality development of the industry is the country’s overall planning and systematic deployment of the robot industry.

Robot Industry Development Trend

Robots are an important position for the integration and development of new technologies. With the in-depth development of a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, technologies in the fields of digital technology, biotechnology, new energy, and new materials have achieved group breakthroughs and accelerated integration with robotics technology, resulting in profound changes in the product form, organizational format, and development model of the robotics industry. change.The integration of multiple technologies gives robots a strong spillover effect, and the generalization of robot technologyapplicationIn terms of production equipment and life tools, enabling them to have global perception, intelligent decision-making, and accurate execution capabilities, “robotized” smart devices are everywhere.

Robots are accelerating their evolution towards intelligence. Robots have improved from single perception to global perception. The application of six-dimensional force sensor, tactile sensor, 3D vision sensor and other sensors makes the robot’s perception of the surrounding environment more comprehensive, and provides important support for the robot to make path planning, obstacle avoidance, trajectory optimization and other decision-making behaviors. Robots are upgraded from perceptual intelligence to cognitive intelligence. Deep learning, brain-computer interface, voice interaction and other technologies help robots adapt to different operating environments in real time, accurately understand and perceive the external environment, and make real-time response decisions. Robots have jumped from stand-alone operations to cluster collaboration. Robots are no longer an individual working independently, but a cluster of robots that work collaboratively. Robots, robots and industrial mother machines and other production equipment rely on digital technology and network technology to achieve cluster collaboration, making production more flexible and intelligent.

Robots are empowering thousands of industries. As a production tool, robots have become an important part of the digital transformation and intelligent upgrading of manufacturing enterprises. The intelligent manufacturing system with robots as the core provides strong support for improving the production efficiency of enterprises, reducing production costs and energy consumption. As a life helper, robots are used in medical,educate, catering, business, home service and other scenarios are widely used to change people’s lifestyles and improve the quality of life. As special equipment, robots have been able to partially or completely replace manual operations in emergency disaster relief, fire inspections, space exploration, underwater exploration and other urgent and dangerous tasks, helping to reduce workload and ensure health and safety.

The innovation chain of the robot industry chain will be restructured at an accelerated pace. The vertical integration of the innovation chain of the robot industry chain and the horizontal specialization of labor promote each other, innovative companies continue to emerge, and technology companies are deployed across borders, bringing more innovation power to the robot industry. On the one hand, leading robot companies are accelerating their deployment to the core components and frontiers, common technology fields and downstream subdivision applications in the upstream of the innovation chain of the industrial chain. Competitive core parts and components companies in key links benefit from specialized division of labor, and the right to speak in the industrial chain continues to increase. On the other hand, a large number of newly established robot innovation and entrepreneurship enterprises stimulate innovation demand with innovative supply, and apply new products and new models to more sub-fields and scenarios. At the same time, a group of technology giants are stepping up their deployment in the robotics industry, increasing investment in robotics-related technologies and product research and development, and taking advantage of their industrial ecological advantages to accelerate their deployment in the fields of R&D innovation, ecological partners, sales networks, and logistics services.

At present, the development of my country’s robot industry has achieved remarkable results

The scale of the industry has grown steadily.According to the statistics of the International Federation of Robotics, in 2020, my country’sIndustrial robotThe newly installed capacity was 168,400 units, accounting for 43.9% of the global market share, ranking first in the world for 8 consecutive years. Data from the National Bureau of Statistics shows that from 2016 to 2020, the output of industrial robots in China increased steadily from 72,000 units to 237,000 units, with an average annual growth rate of 34.7%; from January to November 2021, the output of industrial robots exceeded 330,000 units, a year-on-year increase. 49.0%.service robotAnd other innovative products continue to emerge and achieve rapid development. From January to November 2021, the output of service robots in my country was 8.346 million units, a cumulative increase of 57.3%.

The basic strength has been continuously improved. The key technologies and core components of robots have achieved breakthroughs from “scratch”. Some innovative achievements in the fields of precision reducer, high-performance servo drive, and controller have reached the international advanced level, and the market share has been continuously increased.For example, domestic brandsharmonicSome products of the reducer have reached the international leading level, and the domestic market share has surpassed that of international brands. Positive progress has been made in the construction of a common technical support system. The National Robot Testing and Evaluation Center provides enterprises with testing and certification services for complete robots, components and integrated applications, and the performance testing capabilities of robots in some fields have reached the international advanced level.

Deepen and expand innovative applications. The overall performance of the robot has made remarkable progress in terms of consistency, reliability, and repeatability of positioning, and has gradually been recognized by downstream users. At present, domestic industrial robots have been widely used in 47 industry categories and 129 industry categories. The usage density of manufacturing robots has reached 246 units/10,000 people, far higher than the global manufacturing robot usage of 126 units/10,000 people. Density average. The emergence of new products, new technologies, new models, and new formats of service robots and special robots has accelerated, and the application of robot products in medical surgery, educational services, security inspections, post-disaster rescue and other scenarios has continued to deepen.

The industrial ecology has been gradually improved. The high-quality enterprise cultivation system in the robotics industry has been initially formed, and a number of specialized and new “little giant” enterprises with strong innovation ability and good growth potential have emerged in the fields of robot complete machine, parts and system integration. A good cooperation mechanism has been formed between the upstream and downstream enterprises in the industrial chain. The robot body company and the parts company cooperate to develop new products and jointly promote product optimization and iteration. The parts company will use the robot products of the cooperative body company for parts processing and production. Industrial resources and innovation elements have accelerated to gather in regions with a good foundation for the robotics industry and great potential for development. The development and growth of robotics industry clusters in advantageous regions such as the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the Yangtze River Delta region, and the Pearl River Delta region have accelerated.

Promote the development of my country’s robot industry to a new level during the “14th Five-Year Plan” period

At present, my country’s robot industry as a whole is still in the early stage of development, and there are still problems such as key core technologies to be broken through, insufficient high-end supply, and the application level needs to be improved. During the “14th Five-Year Plan” period, it is urgent to further improve the industrial innovation system, consolidate the foundation of industrial development, expand the space for industrial development, optimize the industrial development environment, and promote the high-quality development of the robot industry.

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Published on 08/27/2022