How robots out of science fiction will enter our lives

our impressionRobotThere is nothing more than that Robot cat Doraemon who runs from the future to the present in a time spaceship and always likes to lend a helping hand. Childhood memories from Doraemon to Astro Boy, and from cleaning Robot Vali to medical robot Dabai, people’s desire to bring robots home has never weakened, so how do robots come into our lives step by step? of?

Robots out of sci-fi

Intelligent robots in movies and cartoons look smart, cute, and considerate. They are good helpers and good partners for human beings. However, it is not easy to create an intelligent robot. It is just to make the machine simulate human walking. Scientists It will take tens or even hundreds of years of hard work.

How robots out of science fiction will enter our lives

Robots out of sci-fi

In 1920, Czechoslovak writer Karel Capek first coined the word “robot” in his science fiction play “Universal Robot“, which was performed in Prague in 1921 and caused a sensation in Europe. The term “robot” created by Capek has also been absorbed by European languages ​​and has become a worldwide term.

Before the play was released, the Elektro, a domestic robot manufactured by Westinghouse Electric Company, was exhibited at the 1911 New York World’s Fair. It’s cable-controlled, walks, speaks 77 words, and even smokes, but it’s nowhere near doing real housework. But it makes the vision of a home robot more concrete.

The birth of the first robot

How robots out of science fiction will enter our lives

The world’s first programmable robot

1954 was an important milestone in the history of robotics, because in that year, a young man named George Devol formally filed a patent application with the U.S. government for the production of aindustryProduction of “repetitive action robots”.

This robot is the world’s first programmable robot, which is a real robot.But this robot has only onemechanicalArms, as crude as they may seem, were quite a feat in those days to be able to repeatedly perform delicate tasks such as “grabbing” and “lifting” according to the program.

Then in 1959, Devol and Joseph Engelberg, an American inventor known as the “father of industrial robots”, jointly created the first industrial robot and established the world’s first robot manufacturing factory.

Since then, robots have officially entered people’s field of vision and become the new darling of factories and assembly lines. Only at that time, people could not understand how the emergence of robots would affect future life.

Let the robot have “senses”

How robots out of science fiction will enter our lives

In 1965, a robot named Beast was born in the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

By 1965, a robot named Beast was born in the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.

In just a few years, robots have been able to correct their positions according to the environment through devices such as sonar systems and photocells. These robots equipped with induction systems can be said to be the prototype of intelligent robots.

Shakey, a robot developed by the Stanford Research Institute in the United States, has a visual sensor and can find and grab building blocks according to human instructions. Shakey can be regarded as the world’s first intelligent robot. Since then, the robot has taken its solid first in artificial intelligence. step.

In 1973, the world’s first robot and a small computer cooperated hand in hand, and the robot T3 was born. This robot marked the disappearance of the operating instruments that occupy an entire room like Shakey, and the operation mode of the robot will be greatly simplified. People can more easily and conveniently use these robots to do new jobs that even humans cannot. ,

How robots out of science fiction will enter our lives

The operation mode of the robot will be greatly simplified

These robots with sensory systems began to enter all aspects of people’s lives, the most famous of which was a robot called “Pyramid Wanderer” in 2002, which entered the most famous, cursed and mysterious Pyramid of Khufu .

At that time, the picture of the robot entering the pyramid was broadcast to every corner of the world through satellite, and the audience could watch the real-time picture transmitted after the robot entered the pyramid through TV.

The birth of the home “machine assistant”

The vigorous development of industry has brought new opportunities for robots to enter the home.

In 1984, “Father of Industrial Robots” Ingelberg once again launched the robot Helpmate, which can deliver meals, medicines, and emails to patients in the hospital, and he also predicted that robots will wipe the floors for people in the future. Cook.

In 1999, a Japanese company launched the dog-shaped robot Aibo, which was sold out immediately. Since then, entertainment robots have become one of the ways for robots to enter ordinary homes. In the 21st century, a company in the United States has launched a vacuum cleaner robot, which has become a good helper to enter thousands of households. Household robots are no longer a luxury that people look up to, but a household assistant that really enters the human family.

With the development of science and technology, the relationship between intelligent robots and humans will become more and more intimate. However, the development road of intelligent robots is still very long. So in the future, how will robots bring us a more convenient and comfortable life? let us wait and see.

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Published on 09/19/2022