Industry sector carbon peak roadmap released

At the same time, the “Plan” also proposes six key tasks, such as in-depth adjustment of industrial structure, in-depth promotion of energy conservation and carbon reduction, and acceleration of industrial green and low-carbon technological transformation, as well as two major actions: peaking action for key industries and improving supply of green and low-carbon products. .

In terms of overall goals, the “Plan” proposes that during the “14th Five-Year Plan” period, positive progress will be made in the optimization of industrial structure and energy consumption structure, the efficiency of energy and resource utilization will be greatly improved, a number of green factories and green industrial parks will be built, research and development, demonstration and promotion will be carried out. A batch of low-carbon, zero-carbon and negative-carbon technology, process and equipment products with significant emission reduction effects have laid a solid foundation for carbon peaking in the industrial field. By 2025, the energy consumption per unit of added value of industrial enterprises above designated size will drop by 13.5% compared with 2020, the decline in carbon dioxide emissions per unit of industrial added value will be greater than that of the whole society, and the intensity of carbon dioxide emissions in key industries will drop significantly.

The “Plan” lists the adjustment of industrial structure as the first of the six key tasks. Among them, it is mentioned that we should promote the optimization and upgrading of the industrial structure, resolutely curb the blind development of high-energy-consuming, high-emission and low-level projects, and vigorously develop green and low-carbon industries. Encourage the cluster development of primary and secondary, smelting and processing industries in steel, non-ferrous metals and other industries. Focusing on the new generation of information technology, biotechnology, new energy, new materials, high-end equipment, new energy vehicles, green environmental protection, aerospace, marine equipment and other strategic emerging industries, create advanced manufacturing clusters with obvious low-carbon transformation effects.

In terms of in-depth promotion of energy conservation and carbon reduction, the “Plan” proposes to adjust the energy consumption structure, focus on controlling fossil energy consumption, and orderly promote the reduction and substitution of coal in industries such as steel, building materials, petrochemical chemicals, and non-ferrous metals. Promote the development of the whole chain of hydrogen energy production, storage, transportation and sales. Encourage enterprises and parks to use clean energy nearby, and support qualified enterprises to develop self-provided power plants and power sources such as “photovoltaic + energy storage”.

The “Plan” proposes two major actions: the peak action for key industries and the action for improving the supply of green and low-carbon products. Among them, in the action of peaking in key industries, we will clearly focus on key industries, formulate implementation plans for carbon peaking in industries such as steel, building materials, petrochemicals, non-ferrous metals, etc. , continue to promote, reduce the intensity of carbon emissions, control carbon emissions.

In addition, the “Plan” also proposes policy guarantees such as improving laws and regulations, improving economic policies, improving market mechanisms, and developing green finance. Among them, it is clear that a tax policy system conducive to green and low-carbon development shall be established and improved, and preferential tax policies such as energy conservation and water conservation, and comprehensive utilization of resources shall be implemented, so as to better play the role of taxation in promoting the green and low-carbon development of market entities. Improve the supporting system of the national carbon emission rights trading market, gradually expand the coverage of the industry, and coordinate the promotion of the market construction of carbon emission rights trading, energy use rights, and electricity trading.

“Industry is one of the main areas of carbon emissions, and its low-carbon development level has an important impact on the country’s overall carbon peaking and carbon neutrality.” Mao Tao, a researcher at the International Economic and Technical Cooperation Center of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, told the “Economic Information Daily” reporter, The “Plan” is based on the actual green and low-carbon development of the industry, combined with the goal of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, and by giving play to the role of green manufacturing demonstration projects, it will help drive more industrial enterprises and parks to low-carbon transformation.

Mao Tao also said that the “Plan” focuses on the application of market-oriented means, and emphasizes that by improving the tax policy system, promoting the construction of carbon emission rights, energy use rights, power trading markets, and expanding the issuance of green credit, etc., gradually improve the market-based positive incentive mechanism. , to enhance the enthusiasm of enterprises to participate in energy conservation and carbon reduction.

Published on 08/30/2022