AsiaIndustrial NetNews: In the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan””RobotIn the Industrial Development Plan (2016-2020), the state has made plans for the wide application of service robots in the fields of medical care, helping the elderly and the disabled, and clinical rehabilitation in the next five years. Service robots are getting closer and closer to our lives.
Recently, the first gait rehabilitation Robot in our province was unveiled at the rehabilitation center of the Provincial Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion. How does the Robot help patients with rehabilitation training? With curiosity, the reporter went to find out.
Human-machine combined body rewarming and natural walking
In the rehabilitation hall of the Provincial Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Ms. Liu, who was disabled due to brain trauma, stood on the conveyor belt of the gait rehabilitation robot with the help of her family.After the therapist entered her gender, age, height, weight, pelvic circumference, thigh length and other data into the computer, she matched Ms. Liu’s two legs with themechanicalThe legs are fixed, the position and elasticity are adjusted, and Ms. Liu is slightly hoisted by the two slings fixed on the upper body.
“This can reduce the weight of the lower limbs and help the lower limb joints to follow the natural movement of the mechanical legs.” The therapist started the robot while explaining, and relying on the mechanical legs to help Ms. Liu stand still, she is like a mechanical warrior in a sci-fi movie: lift her left leg and take a step. , landed, followed by the right leg… Every movement was methodical. “I can walk again!” Ms. Liu’s voice was filled with excitement.
German physiotherapy instructor Ms. Meier has been observing the patient’s gait, and occasionally reminds the therapist to pay attention to the patient’s right foot with Achilles tendon contracture through an interpreter.
In front of Ms. Liu, a gold coin game that reflects the training effect is running on the screen. “Come on, you’ve already grabbed four gold coins.” With the therapist’s encouragement, Ms. Liu’s forehead soon beaded with sweat. Half an hour of training, the normal walking movements of normal people, made Ms. Liu, who had been needing support to stand still after the traumatic brain injury, sweating.
Wei Ling, director of the Rehabilitation Center of the Provincial Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, told reporters that this gait rehabilitation robot uses the most advanced technology in the world. Even patients with high paraplegia who are completely incapacitated can recover with the help of a “robot physiotherapist”. Cardiopulmonary function, promote blood circulation, prevent muscle atrophy.
Improve the level of rehabilitation training in the short term
Therapist Wang Zhi has been working at the rehabilitation center since its inception. He said: “As the only TCM rehabilitation demonstration base in the province, there are about 150 patients who come here for rehabilitation and fitness every day. More than 80% of them are about 60 years old, suffering from cerebrovascular disease, stroke, traumatic nerve injury, spinal cord injury. Acupuncture and exercise therapy is our basic treatment method—on the one hand, acupuncture stimulates brain cells and nerve remodeling to restore nerve conduction in patients; The patient’s cerebral cortex relearns motor patterns and gradually returns to normal function.”
“In theory, as long as a patient can walk with the help of support, he can return to normal walking through professional rehabilitation training. But in practice, patients often fail to achieve the desired effect.” Wang Zhi further explained: “Traditional gait mode training at least It takes 3 months to feel significant improvement. The time is long and the intensity is high. Once the 6-month window period, which is the best curative effect, is exceeded, the recovery effect will be greatly reduced. Many patients can only recover to the point where they can barely walk on one leg or take a step. The state where the toes are drawn in a circle on the ground.”
Compared with traditional human-assisted rehabilitation training, robots have obvious advantages: patients can not only start rehabilitation treatment as soon as possible, but also complete high-intensity, high-quality repetitive training in a short period of time. Wei Ling told reporters that the earlier and higher frequency of stimulation of nerve cells, the greater the possibility of nerve remodeling and the higher the level of recovery. Moreover, with the help of the gait rehabilitation robot, every step the patient takes is a normal physiological gait, and the brain relearns and memorizes the correct movement posture.
Improve the quality of life and restore social functions
Wei Ling believes that the importance of rehabilitation treatment has not been paid enough attention. For a long time, the public’s understanding of rehabilitation has only stayed at the stage of acupuncture, massage and physiotherapy. This concept has long been outdated. Modern rehabilitation medicine is to improve the quality of life of patients and restore the social function of patients through a variety of rehabilitation methods.
With aging demographics and changing disease patterns, medical service robots will become more and more involved in our lives. European and American countries have always been in a leading position in the technical and theoretical research on rehabilitation robots. In contrast, domestic research and development started more than 20 years later, and it has only shown a trend of rapid development in recent years. Therefore, the rehabilitation effect of many diseases can only refer to foreign literature. “For example, stroke is one of the three diseases with the highest mortality rate in my country, and 75% of the survivors have varying degrees of disability and incapacity to work. According to relevant literature on rehabilitation medicine in European and American countries, after effective treatment with rehabilitation robots and other methods, , the stroke disability rate can be reduced to 30%.” Wei Ling hopes that through this gait rehabilitation training robot, more patients with walking dysfunction can get a good treatment effect from the rehabilitation training.
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