“Strengthen the benign interaction between basic research and manufacturing”, “Give full play to the main role of enterprises in technological innovation”, “Guide more outstanding talents to gather in the manufacturing industry“… The seventh session of the 13th Standing Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference being held in Beijing At the meeting, how to promote the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry was a hot topic among the committee members.
International experience shows that for the manufacturing industry to move towards the mid-to-high end, innovative breakthroughs in core technologies are the key. “Insufficient core technology accumulation and insufficient basic research support are the crux of the high-quality development of my country’s manufacturing industry.” Zhang Jie, a member of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, pointed out that the “stuck neck” problem in some technical fields, its appearance lies in the industry, and the key lies in Technology, rooted in basic research.
Similarly, Yang Wei, member of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, also said in his speech at the conference that basic research is the key to our country’s victory in the “stuck neck” game, and it is a through train to a manufacturing powerhouse.
Encourage enterprises to strengthen investment in basic research
The importance of basic research cannot be overemphasized. Several committee members called for more investment in basic research when speaking at the group discussion. According to a set of data cited by Zhang Zhenyu, a member of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, from 2000 to 2015, China’s basic research funding accounted for an average of 5% of the total R&D funding of the whole society. It can be seen that the proportion of basic research funding in my country is significantly different from that in developed countries.
The bigger gap is reflected in the level of investment in basic research by enterprises. Statistics from the past ten years show that the investment in basic research by Chinese companies only accounts for 0.1% of the company’s R&D investment, and 1.5% of the country’s total investment in basic research. 20% of the cost.
In Zhang Jie’s view, the main reasons why companies are reluctant to invest in basic research are large investment, long cycle, high uncertainty, and hard to see benefits in the short term. However, the lack of investment in basic research by enterprises and the low level of relevant capabilities and levels have led to insufficient motivation, slow progress and poor results in key core technologies of the manufacturing industry, restricting the pace of my country’s industry towards the mid-to-high end of the global value chain.
“In this regard, it is necessary to take practical and effective incentive measures from the institutional level, and adopt various forms such as government-led, joint participation of various enterprises, or enterprise-led, government support, etc., to encourage enterprises to strengthen investment in basic research and reduce the cost of basic research for enterprises. risks, and relieve the worries of enterprises to carry out basic research.” Zhang Jie suggested.
How to make the basic research team and the industry form a good interaction is a topic of concern to Liu Zhongfan, member of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference. He believes that through “R&D OEM”, that is, professional research institutions carry out customized R&D work according to the needs of enterprises, it can promote the deep integration of technology and industry, and help solve some “stuck neck” technical problems.
“Through long-term and stable bundled cooperation, the collaborative innovation model of ‘R&D and foundry’ has shortened the distance between technology and market, which helps both parties to jointly create branded products, improve product market competitiveness, and achieve a win-win situation.” Liu Zhongfan said.
To further highlight the main role of enterprises
In fact, as the main body of technological innovation, enterprises should play the main role in promoting the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry. However, in the view of Szefu, a member of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, in the field of equipment manufacturing, the role of enterprises as the main body of innovation is not prominent enough.
“Having independent decision-making power for innovation activities, possessing the capabilities required by innovation activities, and needing to assume the responsibilities and risks of innovation activities are the three characteristics that enterprises need to have as the main body of innovation. For equipment manufacturing enterprises, these three characteristics There are still gaps in varying degrees,” Szef pointed out.
In this regard, Szef suggested to establish an innovation system with enterprises as the main body of research-design-process-manufacturing and other production-university-research integration, so that scientific research institutions can concentrate on research, and hand over the responsibility for the industrialization of scientific research results, that is, the right to product design. Enterprises; manufacturing enterprises should be given more opportunities and platforms for technological innovation, and manufacturing enterprises should be encouraged to undertake major national technological innovation projects and research projects.
To achieve leapfrog development in the manufacturing industry, talent is the key. According to Chen Zaifang, a member of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, especially for public enterprises, in the current market economy environment, how to retain core technical talents and maintain innovation power is an urgent problem that needs to be solved.
“To promote the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry, we must attach great importance to the stability and development of the talent team, and we need policy support, especially for the core key talents, so that they have no worries and become the vanguard of overcoming difficulties.” Chen Zaifang suggested.
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