Regulate drones, do it abroad

AsiaIndustrial NetNews: In the past month, the “black flight” incident of domestic drones rushing into many airports has aroused the public’s sensitive security nerves. From April 14th to April 30th, there were 9 incidents of drone disturbances at Chengdu Shuangliu Airport. A total of 114 flights were diverted, more than 40 flights were delayed, 4 planes returned, and more than 10,000 passengers were blocked and stranded at the airport, which was unprecedented in density and harm, and seriously threatened civil aviation flight safety.

Untrained and unreported drone piloting not only affects people’s lives and property, but also threatens public safety, flight safety and even air defense safety. Looking around abroad, what are the UAV regulatory standards worth learning from?

According to Australian law, recreational drones are not allowed to fly into controlled airports, or within 5.5 kilometers of populated areas; non-professional players are not allowed to fly within 30 meters of others; Aerial photographers cannot fly the plane within 15 meters of others. Now a new generation of ordinary unmanned aircraft can fly to a height of hundreds of meters, and the selling point of the latest unmanned glider launched by an unmanned aircraft company in France is that players can wear special first-person-view glasses to control the flight. But under Australian law, neither is allowed. According to the regulations of the Australian Civil Aviation Safety Authority, the flying height of ordinary drones can only be limited to 120 meters, and the pilot must be within the direct line of sight to supervise the flight.

In the U.S., the latest regulatory framework recently released by the Federal Aviation Administration removed the licensing requirement and replaced it with tests and certifications specific to flying drones. The new rules state that small drones must be subject to air traffic control if they fly over overcrowded airspace or over crowded areas. In June 2016, the U.S. Telecommunications and Information Administration also released a set of drone privacy guidelines. In general, the guidelines include: inform others when using drones; advise caution when using drone systems to collect and store overlay data; limit the use and sharing of overlay data; require drone operators to Avoid using or sharing overlay data for marketing purposes; drone operators should ensure the security of overlay data while being mindful of and complying with changing U.S. federal, state, and local laws.

In early 2017, Germany drew up a new draft law on flying vehicles to strengthen the management of small flying vehicles such as drones. The new law has the following core contents: the first is the license system, any aircraft weighing more than 250 grams must have the owner’s name and address written in a prominent position; the second is the driver’s license system, the operator must hold a valid drone driver’s license. , that is, you must have the theoretical knowledge of flight and practical control ability; the third is the flight permit system, you must apply for and obtain a license from the relevant local management department to allow drones to fly outdoors; the fourth is the no-fly system in sensitive areas, such as some important military and police facilities,industryAreas, crowded areas, stations, airports, etc., are prohibited from flying drones, especially drones with camera functions; finally, the flight height is restricted to no more than 100 meters. The new law has made detailed and strict regulations and restrictions on drones from take-off weight to flight height, use range and data security. At present, the law still needs to be reviewed by the German Federal Assembly and will come into force after it is passed.

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Published on 09/04/2022