As robots become more intelligent, it will also play a major role in various fields.
1. Robot + industry: the main force of smart factories
“Difficulty in recruiting” is a common phenomenon in recent years, especially in labor-intensive enterprises. First-tier cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Guangzhou and other first-tier cities frequently experience “labor shortages”. A Robot is equivalent to three people, because workers work 8 hours a day, while robots can work 24 hours a day.
On the other hand, data show that since 2000, the average salary of employees in urban units in my country has maintained an annual increase of more than 10%. In 2013, the average annual salary of employees in urban non-private units nationwide reached 51,474 yuan, a nominal increase compared to 2012. up 10.1%. Robots do not need to be paid. If the “salary” is calculated by dividing the purchase price by the years of use, it is equivalent to a monthly salary cost of less than 1,000 yuan.
“Machine substitution” is based on modernization,automationequipment to enhance traditional industries and promote technological dividends to replace demographic dividends. “Machine substitution” can not only improve labor productivity and solve labor problems, but also improve occupational health and safety in production.industryThe inevitable choice for enterprise transformation and upgrading.
2. Robot + Agriculture: A Good Helper for Scientific Farming
Agricultural upgrades driven by robotics are opening up new space for farmers to improve their lives. In addition to field operations such as planting, pesticide application, and harvesting, agricultural robots can also play an important role in animal husbandry, such as milking cows, manure processing, etc., as well as applications in forestry, such as : Afforestation, logging, etc.
“Robot +” agriculture will bring a new revolution to agriculture. The “robot+” agricultural model is mainly supported by robot technology, integrates information technology comprehensively, integrates perception, transmission, control, and operation, and greatly advances the standardization and standardization of agriculture, which not only saves labor costs, but also It also improves the quality control ability and enhances the natural risk resistance ability.
“Robot” + agriculture, through intelligent perception, identification technology and ubiquitous computing and other communication perception technologies, connect crops with the Internet of Things to exchange and communicate information to achieve intelligent identification, positioning, tracking, monitoring and management functions. In the United States, 80% of the large farms have popularized the agricultural Internet of Things technology. Through the highly automated large-scale agricultural robots, the farmer can complete 10,000 acres of land management and corn harvesting by three people, and the efficiency far exceeds that of manpower.
3. Robot + medical treatment: a doctor who is not influenced by mood
Recently, American media reported that whether medical institutions use surgical robots for surgery has become one of the criteria for judging “whether it is a high-end hospital”. At present, 80% of prostate removal operations in the United States are performed using surgical robots. As of June 2014, the surgical robot “Da Vinci” of Intuitive Surgical, which has the largest market share, has been used in more than 3,100 applications worldwide.
The surgical robot market is actually monopolized by the American Intuitive Surgical Company. Because it is a monopoly market, the price of Da Vinci surgical robots is very high. A four-arm Da Vinci robot costs about 10 million yuan. In addition to the price of the robot itself, the dedicated surgical forceps cost 20,000 yuan each, and the annual maintenance cost of the robot also costs more than one million yuan.
In the era of “robot +” medical care, the continuous development of medical and surgical robotic systems similar to Da Vinci has raised many theoretical and application issues to be further studied, especially the design of robotic systems suitable for surgical operations. Integrated and clinically applied research. Governments of various countries not only hope that the research of medical surgical robot system can bring convenience to the treatment of diseases and produce good social benefits, but also further hope that the research of medical robot system can form a new economic growth point and drive the “robot +” medical related research. Industrial development and obtain good economic benefits.
4. Robot + Education: Lecturer of Massive Knowledge
“Robot+” education refers to robots specially developed by robot manufacturers with the goal of stimulating students’ interest in learning and cultivating students’ comprehensive abilities.
In the process of education, the introduction of robots can not only break the single boring teaching situation in the classroom, but also enrich the teaching content and expand the teaching methods. The NAO robot from the French company Aldebaran is such an educational robot. It has a flattering appearance and has a level of artificial intelligence to interact with students. “Robot+” education is usually fun, challenging and imaginative. In the process of education, robots, as the right assistants of teaching and learning, are creating new future education methods.
5. Robot + Life: Doing housework without complaint
Robots have also begun to enter homes and offices to replace humans in cleaning, washing, guarding, cooking, caring for the elderly and children, receiving guests, answering calls, and printing documents. Hotel sales and restaurant service robots, cooking robots and robot babysitters have all been born.
6. Robots + transportation: cars that never collide
The application of intelligent transportation technology has significantly changed the face of transportation. When the era of driverless vehicles arrives, transportation will become more intelligent and refined. Driverless cars are dispatched through the network, using big data to accurately analyze, no longer congested, never collide… All these changes point to one word: “robot +” traffic, because the driverless car itself is a smart car robot.
The current car may no longer be a “mechanical“, but an “electronic product” consisting of sensors, antennas, receivers, displays and many other electronic components. In June 2010, the Japanese government launched the “New Generation Automobile Strategy 2010”, which positioned automobiles It is “a terminal of information communication”. Previously, Europe and the United States positioned automobiles as “batteries”. With the development of the Internet, especially the mobile Internet, automobiles began to interact with more peripheral devices and peripheral systems to transmit and share information. Through networking with Intelligent Transportation System (ITS), traffic, road and gas station information can be obtained in real time; by receiving satellite navigation, rich positioning information services can be realized; more scalable applications can be realized through peripheral devices such as smartphones and tablet computers The car has been further transformed from an “electronic product” to a “network”.
In the future, in addition to various technological advancements such as sensor technology and the improvement of software information processing capabilities, the leap-forward development of artificial intelligence technologies (image and speech recognition, machine learning) such as deep learning will also promote the further improvement of the capabilities of smart cars. Unmanned driving is possible. That is to say, the concept of the car will also change – the car will develop from a single vehicle to an intelligent car robot with autonomous learning and network scheduling.
7. Robot + logistics: from sorting, handling to delivery
The development of the logistics industry in the future is also inseparable from the support of robot technology. Robot technology plays an increasingly important role in the process of logistics operations and will become an important factor leading the development trend of the modern logistics industry.
US e-commerce giant Amazon has tens of thousands of employees working in its sprawling distribution centers, handling incoming and outgoing orders every day. In 2012, Amazon bought Kiva Systems, a robotics maker for the logistics industry, for $775 million. This shows that Amazon is thinking very seriously about the competitiveness and superiority that “robot +” logistics will bring.
8. Robot + Ocean: Perpetual motion machine for deep-sea operations
Marine scientific research is inseparable from the support of high-tech and cutting-edge equipment – the emergence of underwater robots, which enables people to explore the marine world in more innovative ways, with low cost and high efficiency. According to professional information, underwater robots have a huge “family”, among which manned submersible (HOV), cabled submersible (ROV), unmanned autonomous submersible (AUV) and autonomous remote control submersible (ARV) are The four most important classes of submersibles at present.
Of course, deep-sea exploration is only one aspect. In the future, underwater robots will have a wider space.
9. Robotics + spaceflight: new colleagues for astronauts
Space robot is one of the new field robots that various countries are competing to innovate. It integrates many disciplines such as mechanics, electronics, mechanics, communication, automatic control, information science, artificial intelligence and computer. It is applied in the universe. A special class of service robots in space.
On February 25, 2011, the US space shuttle “Discovery” transported the world’s first R2 (“Robonaut 2”, Robonaut2) to the International Space Station, mainly for maintaining the laboratory in the space station and completing a series of tests , paving the way for more advanced space robots to undertake more arduous tasks in the future. R2 entered the International Space Station, marking that space robots have entered a new era of intelligent space robots.
It can be said that “robot +” aerospace has shown infinite bright prospects for human beings to use space. In the future space activities, there will be a lot of work to be done in space processing, space production, space assembly, space science experiments and space maintenance, and space robots will also play a greater role.
10. Robots + Disaster Relief: Team Members Who Never Stop
After earthquakes, fires, mining disasters and other disasters, it is an urgent task for rescuers to search for survivors in the rubble and rescue the trapped as soon as possible. In particular, survivors trapped in the rubble after more than 48 hours have an increasingly low probability of surviving. Therefore, how to search and rescue as many trapped people as possible within the golden rescue time has become the focus and difficulty of disaster relief work. However, because the disaster scene is often complicated, it is difficult for rescuers to enter the scene to carry out rescue work if their own safety cannot be guaranteed. At the same time, the narrow space formed in the ruins also makes it difficult for search and rescue personnel and even search and rescue dogs to enter.
Europe attaches great importance to the research of disaster search and rescue robots. One of the more famous projects is the ICARUS project. The ICARUS project was launched in February 2012 and is funded by the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for Science and Technology (FP7) with a funding of 17.5 million euros to develop collection robots after natural disasters. When major natural disasters such as the Haiti Earthquake (2010) and the Great East Japan Earthquake (2011) occur, the exploration and rescue of the affected groups are often the most urgent matters. And robotics developed in labs often doesn’t come in handy. For this reason, the ICARUS project focuses on the development of disaster-relief robots that can be used at the scene of natural disasters. It is understood that 24 European countries have participated in this project, and it is planned to take 4 years to carry out research and development and testing.
11. Robot + Military: Obey orders and obey orders
The development and application of U.S. military robots covers all arms, including land, sea, and air. The U.S. Department of Defense is now developing an integrated combat system (FCS) for intelligent robots, which is planned to be used to enhance the strength of military systems on the sea, land and air, including four categories of robots: unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for surveillance and reconnaissance, Small unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) used to obtain information in dangerous areas inaccessible to soldiers, multifunctional logistics support robots (MULEs) responsible for replenishing combat materiel during combat, as well as transporting powerful armed platforms and transporting complex Armed Robotic Vehicle (ARV) for reconnaissance equipment.
Military robots have received unprecedented attention and large-scale applications in the United States. U.S. military robots are already deeply involved in peacekeeping in Iraq and Afghanistan, with more than 25,000 robots deployed in ground or airborne systems. At the same time, the data shows that more than 50% of the pilots in the United States are involved in the Air Force unmanned system instead of becoming traditional pilots.
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